THE COLLIE DOG
The muzzle should be of reasonable length, tapering to the nose, and can not show weakness or be snipy or lippy. No matter the color of the dog may be, the nose must be black. The teeth must be of good size, level and sound; very small unevenness is permissible. The jaws Clean cut and powerful. The eyes are a very important characteristic, and give expression to the puppy; they should be of moderate size, set somewhat obliquely, of almond shape, and of a brown shade except in the case of merles, once the eyes are often (one or both) white and blue or china; saying full of intelligence, with a quick alert look when listening. The ears should be small and moderately wide at the bottom, and placed not too near together but on the cover of the skull and not on the side of the mind. When in repose they should be generally carried thrown back, but when on the alert brought forward and carried semi-erect, together with hints slightly drooping in attitude of listening.
Generally personality he's a lithe active puppy, his deep chest revealing lung power, his neck strength, his sloping shoulders and bent hocks indicating speed, and his saying elevated intellect. In a few words, a Collie must reveal endurance, action, and intelligence, with free and accurate action. In height dogs ought to be 22 inches. To 24 inches. In the back, bitches 20 ins. To 22 ins. The weight for puppies is 45 to 65 lbs., bitches 40 to 55 pounds. The smooth collie simply differs from the rough in its own coat, which should be hard, compact and quite smooth.
The throat should be muscular, powerful and of fair length, and somewhat arched. The puppy houses should be directly ahead. The fore-legs must be straight and muscular, neither in nor out at elbows, with a fair amount of bonethe fascia somewhat fleshy, the pasterns showing flexibility . The hind-legs ought to be muscular at the thighs, clean and sinewy below the hocks, with well bent stifles. The feet should be oval in shape, soles well padded, and the toes arched and close together.
In the shows this kind of dog is invariably at the top of the class. He's thought to be the most tractable, and is surely the very agile. Second to this kind in favour is the smooth-coated selection, a really hard, useful puppy, well adapted for mountain work and usually very fleet of foot. He is not so sweet in temper as the black and white, and is slow to make friends. There is not a more adorable and physically beautiful dog to be seen than the show Collie of the current period. Produced from the old working kind, he's now practically a distinct breed.
The Collie dog makes an excellent sporting dog, and can be taught to do the work of the Pointer and the Setter, as well as the Water Spaniel and the Retriever. He can be trained to perform the duties of other strains. He is smart at hunting, having an superb nose, is a good vermin-killer, and a most faithful watch, guard, and companion.
There should just be a small depression at stop. The width of skull necessarily depends upon joint length of skull and muzzle; and the whole must be considered in connection with the size of their dog. The cheek shouldn't be full or notable.
Little is known with certainty of the origin of the Collie, but his adorable and his outward appearance would appear to indicate a relationship with the wild dog. Buffon was of opinion he was the legitimate dog of nature, the stock and version of the entire canine species. He considered that the Sheepdog superior in wisdom and instinct to all other strains, and that, using a character in which education has relatively little share, he's the only animal born perfectly trained to the support of man.